Diabetes or Diabetes Mellitus is a type of metabolic disease in which a person has high blood glucose(blood sugar), either because of inadequate insulin production in the body or because the body does not respond to insulin or both. Patients with high blood sugar typically experience polyuria(frequent urination), polydipsia (frequent thirst) and polyphagia (frequent hunger).
There are three types of diabetes:
Type 2 Diabetes:
In this type the body either does not produce enough insulin for proper functioning or the cells in the body do not react to insulin. Approximately 90% of all cases of diabetes worldwide are of this type.
Some people may be able to control their type 2 diabetes symptoms by losing weight, following a healthy diet, doing plenty of exercise, and monitoring their blood glucose levels. However, type 2 diabetes is typically a progressive disease – it gradually gets worse – and the patient will probably end up have to take insulin, usually in tablet form.
Overweight and obese people have a much higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes compared to those with a healthy body weight. People with a lot of visceral fat, also known as central obesity, belly fat, or abdominal obesity, are especially at risk. Being overweight/obese causes the body to release chemicals that can destabilize the body’s cardiovascular and metabolic systems.
Being overweight, physically inactive and eating the wrong foods all contribute to our risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Drinking just one can of (non-diet) soda per day can raise our risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 22%, researchers from Imperial College London reported in the journal Diabetologia. The scientists believe that the impact of sugary soft drinks on diabetes risk may be a direct one, rather than simply an influence on body weight. The risk of developing type 2 diabetes is also greater as we get older.
Dr. Shiva Shankar Polavarapu
Dr. Shiva Shankar Polavarapu is a Consultants based in Hyderabad. He is Managing Director