Ambulatory glucose profile (AGP) is a novel way of assessing glycaemic levels on a 24-hour basis. Features: In FGM, patients have a sensor inserted on their upper arm and a separate touch screen reader device When the reader device is swiped close to the sensor, the sensor transmits both the current blood glucose level and
Interstitial glucose value can be recorded once in every 5 minutes and can be used continuously for 1 week. Nocturnal hypoglycemia, duration of hypoglycemic excursions, undetectable glycemic variability can be identified and detected by this device. CGM has the advanced technology as it is integrated with insulin pump in artificial pancreas clinical trials
Type 1 diabetes has no beta cell reserve. Exogenous insulin is the only therapy in this situation. They are insulin dependent and its deficiency precipitates ketoacidosis. OAD of different mech. of action other than secretagogues are not fully efficient in controlling plasma glucose.
Postprandial hyperglycemia is common in diabetics and it precedes fasting hyperglycemia. Indian diet is rich in carbohydrates unlike Western diet. High dietary carbohydrate load is associated with increased risk of T2DM. PPG is important because T2DM patients may be in the postprandial state for more than 12 hours in a day. Increased PPG is associated